Inheritance tax

Who is responsible for paying inheritance tax?

Inheritance tax is a tax that must be paid to the government by the deceased’s estate. There are many exemptions and also exceptions to it, which will vary depending on the country. In most cases, you must actually have resided in your country for at least one year before being eligible for inheritance tax.


There are a number of different people who may have to pay inheritance tax, depending on the circumstances of the death. If the deceased was married, their spouse may have to pay inheritance tax. If the deceased were single, their parents or other close relatives usually have to pay.

If you’re not sure who may have to pay inheritance tax, you can check with your accountant or tax advisor.

What is the Inheritance Tax?

The inheritance tax is a tax levied by the government on the transfer of an estate or inheritance. Inheritance tax is charged on the deceased person’s estate, which may include any property, cash, and investments that are passed on to their heirs. The amount of inheritance tax payable will depend on a number of factors, including the value of the estate and whether any special allowances have been made.

If you are the beneficiary of an estate, it is important to understand your responsibilities in relation to inheritance tax. If you are not sure whether you are liable to pay this tax, speak to a financial advisor or solicitor.

What are the Tax Rates for Inheritance?

There are several types of inheritance tax, which are levied on any inheritance that exceeds a certain threshold. The bulk of the tax is paid by the person who receives the inheritance, but there are also taxes payable by the estate executor or trustee. In most cases, the amount of tax payable will be based on the value of the inheritance received, with a lower rate applicable to larger inheritances.

The main tax rates for inheritance are as follows:

  • Single person – 45%
  • Couple married for less than 10 years – 50%
  • Couple married for 10 or more years – 55%

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Who is liable to pay inheritance tax?

Inheritance tax is a tax that is payable by the person who inherits an estate, typically the deceased person’s nearest of kin. There are a number of people who may be liable to pay inheritance tax: the deceased person’s spouse, civil partner, children, grandchildren and parents. The Tax Act 2005 identifies four main categories of beneficiaries for inheritance tax: individuals, trusts, companies and charities.

An individual is someone who is considered to be a natural person – for example, you or I. A trust is an arrangement under which property passes from one person (the trustor) to another (the beneficiary) without any change in ownership. A company is an organisation made up of one or more natural persons who carry on business together. Charities are organisations that provide relief or assistance to people in need.

The Tax Act 2005 sets out the main rules governing inheritance tax. These rules determine who is liable to pay Inheritance Tax and how much they are liable to pay. The main rules are summarised below

Who is liable to pay inheritance tax?

Inheritance tax is a tax that is payable by the person who inherits


Inheritance tax is a government levy that is charged on the transfer of property, usually upon the death of a person. It can be complicated to understand and there are various ways in which it can be levied, depending on the country in which you live. The responsibility for paying inheritance tax generally falls upon the deceased’s spouse, civil partner or registered partnership (if any) unless there is a will or trust that indicates otherwise. If you are unsure who should pay inheritance tax on your behalf, speak to an accountant or lawyer who can help guide you through the process.


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